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Czecho-Slovak Corps between two revolutions

Annotation

We examine the Czech-Slovak Corps in 1917. The military and political forces of the Czech national liberation movement by the beginning of 1917 are analyzed. The assessment of the attempts of the Russian government to subjugate Czech societies in Russia is given. The reaction of Czech leaders to the February revolution is considered. Relationship between new government and Czech politicians in Russia is looked. The further development of Czech units and the creation of the Czech-Slovak Corps in the summer of 1917 have analyzed. The reasons for this decision have been studied, as well as the impact of the Battle of Zborov on this. Besides, the topic of the relations of Czech societies with the Bolsheviks and the reaction to the October Revolution is touched upon.

Keywords

Austria-Hungary, Czechs, Zborov, Czech-Slovak Corps, First World War, February Revolution, October Revolution

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UDC

94(100)

Pages

340-351

References

1. Kolesnikov B.V. (2018). M.R. Štefánik’s attitude to Russia, revolution 1917 and bolshevism. Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Svyato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriya 2: Istoriya. Istoriya Russkoi pravoslavnoi tserkvi = St. Tikhons University Review. Series History. Russian Church History, no. 83, pp. 120-128. (In Russ.) http://dx.doi.org/10.15382/sturII201883.120-128, https://elibrary.ru/yartgh 2. Kopylov N.A. (2019). The Czechoslovak Corps in World War I and the Russian revolution: from neutrality to confrontation. Vestnik Ryazanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta imeni S.A. Esenina = Bulletin of Ryazan State University named for S.A. Yesenin, no. 3 (64), pp. 39-53. (In Russ.) https://elibrary.ru/qymilo 3. Valiakhmetov A.N. (2018). October revolution influence on the Czechoslovak corps in Russia as it is interpreted by the Czechoslovak legionary literature. Manuskript = Manuscript, no. 9 (95), pp. 24-28. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.30853/manuscript.2018-9.4, https://elibrary.ru/xyqavv 4. Nenasheva Z.S. (2013). Vvedenie [Introduction]. Cheshsko-Slovatskii (Chekhoslovatskii) korpus (1914–1920): dokumenty i materialy. T. 1. Cheshsko-slovatskie voinskie formirovaniya (1914–1917) [Czech-Slovak (Czechoslovak) Corps (1914–1920). Documents and Materials. Vol. 1. Czech-Slovak Military Formations (1914-1917)]. Moscow, Novalis Publ., pp. 5-29. (In Russ.) Available at: http://rgvarchive.ru/sites/default/files/bookspdf/chekh1.pdf 5. Danish M. (2014). The participation of Slovaks in the Czechoslovak legions of the First World War. Zapad – Vostok = West – East, no. 7, pp. 35-47. (In Russ.) https://elibrary.ru/thbutn 6. Dragomiretskii V.S. (1928). Chekhoslovaki v Rossii. 1914–1920 [Czechoslovaks in Russia. 1914–1920]. Paris, Prague, 219 p. (In Russ.) Available at: https://rev-lib.com/chehoslovaki-v-rossii-1914-1920/ 7. Saldugeev D.V. (2005). Chekhoslovatskii legion v Rossii [Czechoslovak Legion in Russia]. Vestnik Chelyabinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta = Bulletin of Chelyabinsk State University, no. 2 (18), pp. 88-98. (In Russ.) https://elibrary.ru/nxxelp 8. Masarik T.G. (1926). Mirovaya revolyutsiya. Vospominaniya [World Revolution. Memories]. Prague, Plamya Orbis Publ., vol. 1, 245 p. (In Russ.) Available at: http://militera.lib.ru/memo/other/masaryk_tg01/index.html 9. Moshechkov P.V. (2018). Cheshsko-Slovatskii korpus mezhdu Zapadnym i Vostochnym frontami (konets 1917 – nachalo 1918 g.) [Czech-Slovak Corps between the Western and Eastern Fronts (late 1917 – early 1918)]. In: Uzeneva E.S., Khavanova O.V. (executive eds.). Tezisy molodezhnoi nauchnoi konferentsii v ramkakh Dnei slavyanskoi pis’mennosti i kul’tury “Slavyanskii mir: obshchnost’ i mnogoobrazie” [Abstracts of the Youth Scientific Conference within the Framework of the Days of Slavic Writing and Culture “Slavic World: Commonality and Diversity”]. Moscow, Institute for Slavic Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences Publ., pp. 100-103. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.31168/2619-0869.2018.1.6.2, https://elibrary.ru/pnvpyl

Received

2023-06-08

Section of issue

Historical sciences

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