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The sources of esthetic principles of producing of Y.A. Zavadsky

Annotation

Yury Aleksandrovich Zavadsky – one of the greatest directors of XX century. The uniqueness of his directing esthetic principles is that the sources are the creative works of many outstanding Masters of directing and theatre pedagogy: E.B. Vakhtangov, K.S. Stanislavsky, V.E. Meyerhold. Every person had a great influence on formation of creative individuality of the director. The studio of Mansurov under the supervision of E.B. Vakhtangov taught him ethics, understanding of studio as an important and main principle of collective education, improvisation in acting, bright theatricality. The lessons of K.S. Stanislavsky were for deep psychological development of characters, intolerance to banality, stamps, to reaching the style of author and artistic techniques of drama. The influence of V.E. Meyerhold had the wish to experiment, use the principles of national place theatre in directing. The laboratory of search of their own way in art became the created studio under the supervision of Y.A. Zavadsky. For more than 50 years Y.A. Zavadsky was the head of Theatre of Mossovet, bringing up the great actors: V. Maretskaya, P. Plyatta, N. Mordvinova, G. Zhzhenova, K. Mikhailova, M. Terekhova, V. Talyzina and etc. In his theatre worked F. Ranevskaya, L. Orlova and I. Anisimova-Vulf. The most important principles of directing of Y.A. Zavadsky are: citizenship, artistry, nationality, studio. From these positions he plans the repertoire of the theatre, educated the associates. Y.A. Zavadsky thought that theatre was the main deed in his life, the mean of spiritual and moral education of people. From 1939 and till the end of his life he was the professor of Directing Department of GITIS (Russian University of Theatre Arts). His pedagogical lessons are unique, they have special methods.

Keywords

E.B. Vakhtangov; studio; improvisation; the lessons of K.S. Stanislavsky; system of K.S. Stanislavsky; V.E. Meyerhold; Theatre of Mossovet; directing

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UDC

792.027

Pages

72-78

References

1. Zavadskiy Yu.A. Uchitelya i ucheniki. M., 1975. 2. Sazonova V.A. Teatral'naya pedagogika Yu.A. Zavadskogo. Tambov, 2000. 3. O teatral'nom obrazovanii. Diskussiya // Teatr. 1972. № 2. S. 5-24. 4. Vakhtangov E.B. Evgeniy Vakhtangov: sbornik. M., 1981. 5. Sazonova V.A. O znachenii teatral'noy pedagogiki Yu.A. Zavadskogo v vospitanii tvor-cheskoy molodezhi // Kul'tura i obrazovanie na rubezhe tysyacheletiy: materialy Mezhdu-narodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii. Tambov, 2000. 6. Stanislavskiy K.S. Stat'i. Rechi. Besedy. Pis'ma. M., 1963. 7. Stanislavskiy K.S. Sobranie sochineniy: v 9 t. M., 1989. T. 7. 8. Sazonova V.A. E.B. Vakhtangov i vospitanie improvizatsionnogo tvorchestva aktera // XIV Derzhavinskie chteniya. Institut iskusstv: materialy obshcherossiyskoy nauchnoy konferentsii. Tambov, 2009. 9. Zavadskiy Yu.A. Rozhdenie spektaklya. Po materialam tvorcheskoy laboratorii. M., 1975. 10. Zavadskiy Yu.A. Ob iskusstve teatra. M., 1965. 11. Pushkin A.S. Sochineniya: v 3 t. M., 1983. T. 1. Stikhotvoreniya: skazki: “Ruslan i Lyudmila”: poema.

Received

2015-10-07

Section of issue

Cultural heritage

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