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The notions of native country in fiction space of Russian-language writers and poets of Kazakhstan


The notions of native country in fiction space (basing on the material of Kazakhstan writers and poets A. Alimzhanov, O. Suleimenov, Y. Dombrovsky) are considered. The language peculiarities of representing lexical elements: from small motherland (steppe, home, tree) to big motherland (country/state, nation/people, Earth/Universe) are revealed. It is proved that the individuality of text space is appeared in the possibility of free choice of language means as dominating and style-forming (metonymy, metaphor, individual-author’s words and constructions, dominants and etc.) The attention is paid to the representation of tree as archetype – the semantic element life (comp. world tree, tree of life) as a close connection between human and bearing-age trees exists. Such tree belongs to the world of culture than to the world of nature. The tree symbol for Alma-Ata (now Almaty) is an apple tree, which is associated with native town. The research showed that lexical units cottonwood, apple tree, apple, mountains, poplar (living tree), word combination cathedral (transformed tree) are symbolic correlate of Alma-Ata. This is not by chance the words steppe and cottonwood in fiction texts still have the reflection of mythology thinking in culture of Kazakh ethnic culture, actualizing different text meanings.


fiction text space; motherland image; steppe; earth; home-city

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