Menu: Home :: go to Journal :: switch to Russian :: switch to English
You are here: all Journals and Issues→ Journal→ Issue→ Article

Conceptualization of personal characteristics described by colour similes

Annotation

Linguistic and cognitive mechanisms of meaning formation when characterizing a person by means of colour similes exemplified by Russian, English and French languages are considered. Comparison is investigated as the mechanism of interaction between the concept of an object of comparison and the concept of a colour representative which results in a new substantial filling of the first and is only implied by a simile. Bases of objects and phenomena involvement as a certain colour representatives, and provides the scheme of prototypical category of colour representatives are analyzed. The contexts illustrating description of objective and estimated characteristics of a person by similes are given. Mechanisms of their linguistic expression and cognitive basis of their highlighting when expressed indirectly are defined. Analogical connection between personal appearance and objects chosen for representation of its colour shades at the cognitive level is provided. Functions of colour similes are described: characterization of personal appearance based on a colour shade; intensification of colour; characterization of a person based on colour as a result of influence; characterization of additional parameters of personal appearance; evaluation of personal appearance and physical or emotional condition; evaluation of personal inner qualities. Such evaluative types of colour representatives as general, sensory-flavour, aesthetic, ethical, emotional, utilitarian, standard evaluation are revealed.

Keywords

linguistic and cognitive mechanisms; conceptual analysis; evaluation categorization; colour simile; colour representative; prototypical category; explication; implication; objective and evaluation characteristics

Full-text in one file

Download

UDC

81’33

Pages

24-30

References

1. Boldyrev N.N. Antopotsentricheskaya sushchnost' yazyka v ego funktsiyakh, edinitsakh, kategoriyakh [Antropocentric nature of language in its functions, units, and categories]. Voprosy kognitivnoy lingvistiki – Issues of Cognitive Linguistics, 2015, no. 1 (42), pp. 5-12. (In Russian). 2. Gol'dberg V.B. Komparativnye slovosochetaniya i komparativnaya kategorizatsiya kak otrazhenie poznaniya [Comparative combinations and comparative categorization as reflection of cognition]. Voprosy kognitivnoy lingvistiki – Issues of Cognitive Linguistics, 2007, no. 4, pp. 71-80. (In Russian). 3. Prokhorova M.E., Boldyrev N.N. Kharakteristika cheloveka posredstvom tsvetovykh sravneniy: kognitivnyy aspekt [A human characteristics by means of colour comparisons: a cognitive aspect]. Saarbrücken, LAP LAMBERT Academic Publ., 2012. 251 p. (In Russian). 4. Boldyrev N.N. Perspektivy razvitiya kontseptual'nogo analiza [Prospects of concept analysis development.]. Sbornik materialov Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii “Yazykovaya lichnost' v kontekste vremeni” [A digest of International scientific-practical conference “Language personality in time context”]. 2010, pp. 14-17. (In Russian). 5. Prokhorova, M.E. Tsvetovye sravneniya kak sredstvo opisaniya oblika cheloveka i ego otsenki [Color similes as means of human face description and evaluation]. Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Seriya Gumanitarnye nauki – Tambov University Review. Series: Humanities, 2009, no. 8 (76), pp. 218-223. (In Russian). 6. Arutyunova N.D. Yazyk i mir cheloveka [Language and human’s world]. Moscow, Yazyki russkoy kul'tury Publ., 1999. 896 p. 7. Boldyrev N.N. Struktura i printsipy formirovaniya otsenochnykh kategoriy. [Structure and principles of evaluative category formation] S lyubov'yu k yazyku. Posvyashchaetsya Elene Samoylovne Kubryakovoy [With love to language. Devoted to Elena Samoylovna Kubryakova]. Moscow, 2002, pp. 103-114. (In Russian). 8. Boldyrev N.N. Reprezentatsiya znaniy v sisteme yazyka [Knowledge representation in the system of language]. Voprosy kognitivnoy lingvistiki – Issues of Cognitive Linguistics, 2007, no. 4, pp. 17-27. (In Russian). 9. Dmitrieva N.V. Rol' priznaka v vybore etalona sravneniya (na materiale ad"ektivnykh sravneniy angliyskogo i russkogo yazykov) [The role of characteristics in comparison standard (basing on the material of adjectival comparison of English and Russian languages)]. Avtoreferat dissertatsii … kandidata filologicheskikh nauk. Tver, 2000. 15 p. (In Russian). 10. Prokhorova M.E. Problema kategorizatsii reprezentantov priznakov v sravneniyakh [Problem of categorezation of representative characteristics in comparisons]. Lingua Mobilis, 2012, no. 3 (36), pp. 90-99. (In Russian). 11. Gorbachevich K.S. Russkiy sinonimicheskiy slovar' [Russian dictionary of synonyms]. St. Petersburg, Institute for Linguistic Studies RAS Publ., 1996. 512 p. (In Russian). 12. Electronic dictionary New Oxford American Dictionary, Oxford American Dictionary (En-En) (к версии ABBYY Lingvo x3). Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2005. 1 electronic optical disk (CD-ROM). 13. Petit Robert. Dictionnaire de la langue français, ed. Paul Robert. Paris, le Robert – 107, avenue Permentier, 1985. 14. Ozhegov S.I. Slovar' russkogo yazyka Russian Language Dictionary. Moscow, Russkiy yazyk Publ., 1987. 750 p. (In Russian). 15. Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, ed. J. Crowther. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1995. 1428 p.

Received

16.04.2016

Section of issue

Linguistics

Для корректной работы сайта используйте один из современных браузеров. Например, Firefox 55, Chrome 60 или более новые.