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NARRATOR AND AUTHOR’S POSITION IN FICTION

Annotation

The term “narrator” is used as functional notion, that means as a substitute for the owner of the narrative function. It is relevant for the situations, where it is established that the narrator can be an author or a storyteller. This means that the narrative instance can be the author himself (it is absolutely different from our concept of imaging of narration). The term “narrator” often completely denotes the instance more or less “subjective”, personal, coinciding with one of the characters or belonging to the world of the most powerful events. In contrast to the stylistics of the non-neutral “protester”, the “storyteller” is characterized by a specific, masculine language form. There is a method in prose when the author is in the same maintain integrity with the writer, narrator or storyteller. This method is used in the story “Шұғaның бeлгісі” (“The Monument to Shuga”) of a classic writer B. Mailin, who stood at the origins of our national prose. In the story, which was published first in the magazine “Sadak” of the Kazakh youth, who studied in Ufa madrasah “Galia”, writer-descriptor also begins with the narration. However, the name of the author is not named in composition, so we can easily relate it to the category of “descriptors” or “narrators”. In the story “The Kipchak Girl” a situation is different. In this regard, we have to turn to the issue of “author’s image” in the artwork. The integrity of narrator-character in fiction through an analysis of the story of M. Magauin “The Kipchak Girl” is considered. The concept of the author-narrator-character in fiction is analyzed on the basis of scholars-literary critics.

Keywords

narrator; the image of the author; diegesis; integrity; author-narrator; author-storyteller; narrator-storyteller; explicit image; implicative image

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UDC

811.512.3

Pages

56-63

References

1. Мaғaуин М. Қыпшaқ aруы. Almaty, Aтaмұрa Publ., 2007, 256 p. (In Kazakh). 2. Мaғaуин М. «Қaзіргі қaзaқ прoзaсы: «Қыпшaқ aруы». Жұлдыз, 2015, no. 2, 115 p. (In Kazakh). 3. Бaйтұрсынoв A. Әдeбиeт тaнытқыш. Almaty, Aтaмұрa Publ., 2003, pp. 56-87. (In Kazakh). 4. Vinogradov V.V. O teorii khudozhestvennoy rechi [About the Theory of Artistic Speech]. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 1971, 240 p. (In Russian). 5. Sokolov A.N. Teoriya stilya [Theory of Style]. Moscow, “Iskusstvo” Publ., 1968, 224 p. (In Russian). 6. Bakhtin M.M. Formy vremeni i khronotopa v romane. Ocherki po istoricheskoy poetike [Forms of Time and Chronotope in the Novel. Notes on Historical Poetics]. Moscow, Khudozhestvennaya Literatura Publ., 1975, 504 p. (In Russian). 7. Shmid V. Narratalogiya [Narratology]. Moscow, Yazyk slavyayanskoy kul'tury Publ., 2003, 312 p. (In Russian). 8. Eсeмбeкoв Т. Көркeм мәтінді тaлдaу нeгіздeрі. Almaty, Қaзaқ унивeрситeті Publ., 2009, 78 p. (In Kazakh). 9. Diegezis [Diegesis]. (In Russian). Available at: http://www.philol.msu.ru/~tezaurus/docs/3/dictionary.php?label=%C4&word=%C4%E8%E5%E3%E5%E7%E8%F1 (accessed 12.11.2016). 10. Кішкeнбaeвa Ж. М. Мaғaуиннің «Қыпшaқ aруы пoвeсіндeгі» нaррaтoр жәнe кeйіпкeр. Materialy mezhdunarodnogo kongressa fol'kloristov [Materials of International Folklore Specialists Congress]. Astana, Eurasian National University, 2015, pp. 256-262. (In Kazakh).

Received

2017-01-24

Section of issue

Culturology

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