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Once more about two unclarities in “The Tale of Igor’s Campaign”


The subject of paper consists of discussion of two fragments of “The Tale of Igor’s Campaign”, a monument of the Ancient Russian literature of the late 12th century. The first fragment had some variants of readings where we tried to understand and translate adequately not clear verb near the word Div – the name of demonic beings which occurs in the Old Russian texts. Researchers thought that in this case at correspondence of the manuscript of “The Tale…” record has got to the text on the manuscript fields, drawing attention to an unfamiliar word «зри» (‘please, look (at)’), it was thus noticed that tracings of Cyrillic letters Б and Р could be similar at that time. We notice that in a fragment of story of the 15th century “Zadonshchina” copied from “The Tale of Igor’s Campaign”, we meet parallel variants пробилъ (‘broke through’) and прорылъ (‘dug through’), explained as different perusals of similar tracings of letters that represents argument in favour of writing correction зби on зри. After that, being based on indications of lexicon of the Ukrainian language, we suggest to read this unclear fragment as “there appeared Div”. In the second fragment in a combination “dark blue wine mixed with greaf” we, addressing to the facts of dialects of the Ukrainian language, show that the word вино (wine) in this fragment of “The Tale of Igor’s Campaign”, is the name of grapes, instead of a drink. Words трудь mean in the Old Russian language ‘the grief, pity’ and its synonym туга is similar to the name of rice or millet name borrowed from Turkic languages, and, possibly, has been replaced by more clear synonym. In this case words “dark blue berries mixed with rice (millet)” should designate the special dish prepared for Slavic funeral repasts that will be coordinated with motives of death in this context of product.


“The Tale of Igor’s Campaign”; “Zadonshchina”; unclarities; criticism of the text; paleography; letters; loanwords

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