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Synonymic rows with loanwords in the Russian language

Annotation

Synonymic rows with loanwords are investigated. The study found that the change in the conceptual and linguistic worldview of modern man is largely due to the process of the emergence of new synonymic series in the Russian language. Synonymic relations between words are established on the basis of the dictionary synonymic definition of the already known word or phrase in the Russian language, with the help of already established in the Russian language borrowed nominations in the context of descriptive construction, illustrative material, which expands, presents the synonymic sphere of lexicographic definition. Human consciousness structures conceptual real reality anthropocentrically, so the semantic range of names of persons in the study material is quite wide. Examples of loanwords that characterize activities are presented. Based on the synonymic definition of terms in lexicographic sources, which reveals the meaning of a new loanword through the identical meaning of loanwords, it is assumed that in the understanding of the surrounding reality, a person uses words correlated with one concept or reality, and in this case there are synonymic series in which members of the opposition are loanwords and demonstrate the full identity.

Keywords

loanwords; synonymic rows; language worldview; anthropocentricity

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DOI

10.20310/2587-6953-2018-4-15-17-24

UDC

81.373.43

Pages

17-24

References

1. Kotelova N.Z. Predisloviye [Foreword]. In: Kotelova N.Z., Sorokin Y.S. (eds.). Novyye slova i znacheniya: slovar’-spravochnik po materialam pressy i literatury 60-kh godov [New Words and Meanings: Dictionary Based on Media and Literature Materials of 1960s]. Moscow, 1971. (In Russian). 2. Kotelova N.Z. Izbrannye raboty [Selected Works]. St. Petersburg, Nestor-Istoriya Publ., 2015. (In Russian). 3. Denisov Y.N. Sinonimicheskiy ryad v aspekte teorii oppozitsii [Synonymic row in aspect of theory of oppositions]. Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Seriya Gumanitarnyye nauki – Tambov University Review. Series: Humanities, 2011, no. 4 (96), pp. 206-211. (In Russian). 4. Lemov A.V. Sistema, struktura i funktsionirovaniye nauchnogo termina (na materiale russkoy lingvisticheskoy terminologii) [System, Structure and Scientific Term Function (Based on Material of Russian Linguistic Terminology)]. Saransk, Mordovia University Publ., 2000, pp. 129-135. (In Russian). 5. Senko E.V. Dinamika kontsepta novoe slovo v otechestvennoy leksikologicheskoy traditsii [Dynamics of the concept new word in the domestic lexicological tradition]. Voprosy kognitivnoy lingvistiki – Issues of Cognitive Linguistics, 2016, no. 4, pp. 104-109. (In Russian). 6. Kasevich V.B. Yazyk ekologii i ekologiya yazyka [Ecology language and language ecology]. Semiotika, lingvistika, poetika: K stoletiyu so dnya rozhdeniya A.A. Reformatskogo [Semiotics, Linguistics, Poems: to the 100th Anniversary of A.A. Reformatskiy]. Moscow, 2004, pp. 57-68. (In Russian). 7. Gabdreeva N.V., Gurchiani M.T. Slovar' kompozitov russkogo yazyka noveyshego perioda [Dictionary of Complex Words of Russian Language in Contemporary History]. Moscow, Flinta Publ., Nauka Publ., 2012. (In Russian). 8. Zakharenko E.N., Komarova L.N., Nechayeva I.V. Novyy slovar’ inostrannykh slov: 25000 slov i slovosochetaniy [New Dictionary of Foreign Words: 25000 Words and Phrases]. Moscow, Azbukovnik Publ., 2003. (In Russian). 9. Komlev N.G. Slovar’ novykh inostrannykh slov (s perevodom, etimologiyey i tolkovaniyem) [Dictionary of New Foreign Words (With Translation, Etymology and Explanation)]. Moscow, Moscow University Publ., 1995. (In Russian). 10. Stěpanova L. (ed.). Novyy slovar’ russkoy leksiki i frazeologii [New Dictionary of Russian Lexis and Phraseology]. Olomouc: Filozofická fakulta Univerzity Palackého v Olomouci, 2011. (In Russian). 11. Shagalova E.N. Samiy noveyshiy tolkoviy slovar' russkogo yazyka XXI veka [The Newest Dictionary of Russian Language of 21st Century]. Moscow, AST Publ., Astrel Publ., 2011. (In Russian).

Received

2018-02-10

Section of issue

Linguistics

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