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The problem of inner valence morphemes: the experience of multiparadigm research

Annotation

It is proved that the imperative of modern linguistic science is a multiparadigmatic approach in the study of existing facts of language and speech, which is manifested in the priority of three basic principles: explanatoriness, anthropocentrism and functionalism. During this study we found that the complexity of approaches in research provides objectivity and completeness of knowledge about the phenomena under study and allows to solve urgent problems. In this regard, we made an attempt to show the ways of studying the problem of inner valence of morphemes in various areas of modern linguistics (on the material of newspaper discourse neologisms). Attention is paid to the solution of the problem of valence in the direction of sociolinguistics, which allows to establish the non-linguistic causes of the emergence of new words and explore through the neologisms the space of the language functioning outside its autochthonous territory. We analyze body of neolexical item in author card index records and its wordbuilding processes in the discourse activity of Russian-speaking mass media of Kazakhstan, allows us to conclude that extra-linguistic factors causing the birth of new categories include the politicization of society, the adoption of western economic system, the rapid technical development.

Keywords

valence; morpheme; linguistic directions; neologisms

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DOI

10.20310/2587-6953-2019-5-17-14-20

UDC

81’42

Pages

14-20

References

1. Gaynullina N.I. Leksikologiya russkogo yazyka [Lexicology of Russian Language]. Almaty, Kazakh University Publ., 2002, 170 p. (In Russian). 2. Zuyeva R.S. K voprosu o razgranichenii okkazional’nykh i potentsial’nykh slov [To the question of distinction between occasional and potential words]. Semantiko-stilisticheskiye issledovaniya: sbornik nauchnykh statey [Semantic and Stylistic Researches: Collection of Scientific Articles]. Alma-Ata, 1989, pp. 7-13. (In Russian). 3. Zuyeva R.S. Slovoobrazovaniye [Wordbuilding]. In: Gaynullina N.I. (ed.). Sovremennyy russkiy yazyk: Slovoobrazovaniye. Morfologiya. Sintaksis [Modern Russian Language: Wordbuilding. Morphology. Syntax]. Almaty, Kazakh University Publ., 2002, pp. 6-35. (In Russian). 4. Zemskaya E.A. Slovoobrazovaniye [Wordbuilding]. In: Beloshapkova V.A. (ed.). Sovremennyy russkiy yazyk [Modern Russian Language]. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 1981, pp. 133-239. (In Russian). 5. Ulukhanov I.S. Edinitsy slovoobrazovatel’noy sistemy russkogo yazyka i ikh leksicheskaya realizatsiya [Elements of Wordbuilding System of the Russian Language and their Lexical Realization]. Moscow, JSC “Astra sem” Publ., 1996, 221 p. (In Russian). 6. Shvedova N.Y., Lopatin V.V. (eds.). Kratkaya russkaya grammatika [A Short Russian Grammar]. Moscow, 1989, 639 p. (In Russian). 7. Ozhegov S.I., Shvedova N.Y. (eds.). Tolkovyy slovar’ russkogo yazyka [Explanatory Dictionary of Russian Language]. Moscow, LLC “ITI Tekhnologiya” Publ., 2003, 944 p. (In Russian). 8. Valgina N.S. Aktivnyye protsessy v sovremennom russkom yazyke [Active Processes in the Modern Russian Language]. Moscow, “Logos” Publ., 2003, 304 p. (In Russian). 9. Petrukhina E.V. Russkoye proizvodnoye slovo kak kognitivnaya model’ interpretatsii yavleniy deystvitel’nosti [Russian derivative word as a cognitive model of interpretation of reality phenomena]. Trudy i materialy Mezhdunarodnogo kongressa rusistov «Russkiy yazyk: istoricheskiye sud’by i sovremennost’» [Proceedings of the International Congress of Russianists “Russian Language: Historical Destiny and Modern Era”]. Moscow, Moscow University Publ., 2001, p. 195. (In Russian). 10. Zhuravleva E.A. Vliyaniye kul’turno-yazykovykh kontaktov na leksicheskuyu sistemu russkogo yazyka [Influence of cultural and language contacts on the lexical system of the Russian language]. Trudy i materialy 2 Mezhdunarodnogo kongressa issledovateley russkogo yazyka «Russkiy yazyk: istoricheskiye sud’by i sovremennost’» [Proceedings of the 2nd International Congress of Russianists “Russian Language: Historical Destiny and Modern Era”]. Moscow, 2004, pp. 539-540. (In Russian).

Received

2018-12-21

Section of issue

Russian language. in loving memory of a dear teacher, doctor of philology, professor n.i. gainullina

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