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Russian comparative literature studies development: ideas of A.N. Veselovsky and V.M. Zhirmunsky

Annotation

We consider the ideas of the largest Russian literature studies scholars of the pre-revolutionary period in Russia, who laid the foundations of literature studies comparativistics. We establish that the modern idea about comparative literature studies is largely determined by the ideas of Russian scientists A.N. Veselovsky and V.M. Zhirmunsky. They developed individual literature studies aspects on the material of various literary facts and phenomena. We prove that on the basis of Russian scientists’ ideas, comparative literature studies were formed within the framework of the cultural and historical school that prevailed at that time, that new methodological principles and approaches are being developed on their basis, which researchers can apply for productive comparative researches in the Post-Soviet territory. We pay attention to the fact that in literature studies comparativistics nowadays emerged its own approaches: a comparative historical approach, in which genetic and contact relationships are studied; comparative typological (matching) approach, which explores thematic, figurative, genre, stylistic similarities and differences: an intertextual approach which incorporates “one text” into “another text”; the approach of inter-literary interactions when studying the translation of the written work. We substantiate that in the aspect of these approaches it is possible to better understand the national identity of national literature.

Keywords

literature studies, comparativistics, ideas of literature studies, A.N. Veselovsky, V.M. Zhirmunsky

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DOI

10.20310/2587-6953-2019-5-18-162-169

UDC

82.0+82.02

Pages

162-169

References

1. Bekmetov R.F. Literaturnaya komparativistika kak metodologicheskaya problema: k eskizu nauchnoy strategii v rakursakh noveyshikh iskaniy [Comparative studies in literature as a methodological problem: to the scientific strategy sketch from the perspective of newest researches]. Vestnik Tatarskogo gosudarstvennogo gumanitarno-pedagogicheskogo universiteta [Bulletin of Tatar State University of Humanities and Education], 2010, no. 4 (22), pp. 197-203. (In Russian). 2. Bogatkina M.G. O formirovanii novoy paradigmy v sovremennoy komparativistike [On development of a new paradigm in modern comparativistics]. Trudy i materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchnoy konferentsii posvyashchennoy 200-letiyu Kazanskogo universiteta: “Russkaya i sopostavitel’naya filologiya: sostoyaniye i perspektivy” [Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference Dedicated to the 200th Anniversary of Kazan Federal University: “Russian and Comparative Philology: Condition and Prospects”]. Kazan, Kazan Federal University Publ., 2004, pp. 302-304. (In Russian). 3. Papilova E.V. Imagologiya kak gumanitarnaya distsiplina [Imagology as a humanitarian discipline]. Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo gumanitarnogo universiteta im. M.A. Sholokhova. Filologicheskiye nauki – Vestnik of Sholokhov Moscow State University for the Humanities: Philology Series, 2011, no. 4, pp. 31-40. (In Russian). 4. Papilova E.V. Khudozhestvennaya imagologiya: nemtsy glazami russkikh (na materiale literatury XIX v.): avtoref. dis. … kand. filol. nauk [Artistic Imagology: Germans Through the Eyes of Russians (Based on 19th Century Literature). Cand. philol. sci. diss. abstr.]. Moscow, 2013, 21 p. (In Russian). 5. Fisser E.V. Imagologiya: rech’ kak sposob kharakteristiki personazhey inostrantsev (na primere obraza nemtsa v russkoy literature) [Imagology: speech as a means for foreign characters description (on example of German person image in Russian literature)]. Imagologicheskiye aspekty russkoy i zarubezhnoy literature [Imagological Aspects of Russian and Foreign Literature]. Kirov, “Raduga-Press” LLC Publ., 2012, pp. 252-259. (In Russian). 6. Oshchepkov A.R. Rossiya v knige T. Got’ye «Puteshestviye v Rossiyu» [Russia in T. Gautier’s book “A Trip to Russia”]. Problemy filologii, kul’turologii i iskusstvovedeniya [Problems of Philology, Culturology and Art Studies], 2000, pp. 154-157. (In Russian). 7. Zhirmunsky V.M. A.N. Veselovskiy i sravnitel’noye literaturovedeniye [A.N. Veselovsky and comparative literature studies]. Sravnitel’noye literaturovedeniye. Vostok i Zapad. Izbrannyye trudy [Comparative Literature Studies. East and West. Selected Works]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1979. (In Russian). 8. Zhirmunsky V.M. Gyote v russkoy literature [Goethe in Russian Literature]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1982. (In Russian).

Received

2019-04-30

Section of issue

Literature studies

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