Menu: Home :: go to Journal :: switch to Russian :: switch to English
You are here: all Journals and Issues→ Journal→ Issue→ Article

Genre specificity of the novella “The Pass” by V. Astafyev


We describe the genre specificity of the V. Astafyev’s novella “The Pass”. We substantiate the originality of the genre and style system of the author’s world outlook. We focus on prov-ing the idea of the synthetic nature of the “The Pass” genre. The need for such research is primarily due to the continuing interest in the unique work of V. Astafyev, both from critics and literature studies scholars, and from society. On the example of the writer’s first serious work, we clarify the initial artistic level and the idea of his creations. We attempt to reveal the phenomenon of genre polyphony of the writer’s works, and in particular the novella “The Pass” through the study of the works of critics and and literature studies scholars, whose works are devoted to the work of V. Astafyev, as well as through an appeal to the prose of other Russian and foreign authors. By studying the works of critics and literary critics, whose works were devoted to the work of V. Astafyev, an attempt is made to reveal the phenomenon of genre polyphony of the writer's works. We emphasize and analyze the elements typical for autobiographical novella, educational and social novels, we consider their interaction and synthesis. Actualization of traditional plot schemes typical of “frontier literature” is revealed for the first time. We reveal and discusss the important for the writer theme in novella of “exploitation of Siberia” and the ensuing historical and social phenomena. On the example of moral and ethical problems we can trace the conceptual polemic of V. Astafyev with foreign authors.


genre specificity; genre synthesis; autobiographical novella; educational novel; social novel; “frontier literature”; art schemes

Full-text in one file









1. Prokopenko N.M. Zhanr pastorali i ego aktualizaciya v rasskazah i povestyah V.P. Astaf’eva 60–80-kh godov: avtoref. dis. … kand. filol. nauk [Pastoral Genre and its Actualization in Stories and Novels of V.P. Astafyev of 60–80s. Cand. phil. sci. diss. abstr.]. Ishim, Ishim State Pedagogical University Publ., 2010, 22 p. (In Russian). 2. Astafyev V.P. Avtobiografiya [Autobiography]. Ural, 2004, no. 5, pp. 12-17. (In Russian). 3. Goncharov P.A. Tvorchestvo V.P. Astaf’eva v kontekste russkoy prozy 1950–1990-kh godov [Works of V.P. Astafyev in the Context of the Russian Prose of the 1950–1990s]. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 2003, 386 p. (In Russian). 4. Bakhtin M.M. Estetika slovesnogo tvorchestva [Aesthetics of Word Art]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1979, 423 p. (In Russian). 5. Rostovtsev Y.A. Stranitsy iz zhizni Viktora Astaf’eva [Pages from Viktor Astafyev’s Life]. Moscow, Entsiklopediya sel i dereven’ Publ., 2007, 480 p. (In Russian). 6. Astafyev V.P. Sobranie sochineniy: v 4 t. T. 1. Starodub; Pereval; Zvezdopad; Pastuh i pastushka; Oda russkomu ogorodu [Collected Works: in 4 vols. Vol. 1. The Old Oak; The Pass; Falling Star; Shepherd and the Shepherdess; Ode to the Russian Vegetable Garden]. Moscow, Molodaya Gvardiya Publ., 1979, 493 p. (In Russian). 7. Pashigorev V.N. Roman vospitaniya v nemetskoy literature XVIII–XX vekov [Education Novel in German Literature of 18–20th Centuries]. Saratov, Saratov State University Publ., 1993, 133 p. (In Russian). 8. Pashigorev V.N. Filosofskie i literaturnye predposylki nemeckogo romana vospitaniya [Philosophical and literature preconditions of the German education novel]. Filologicheskie nauki [Philosophical Sciences], 1990, no. 2, p. 36. (In Russian). 9. Reid M. Vsadnik bez golovy. Roman. [The Headless Horseman. Novel]. Gorky, Volgo-Vyatskoe Publ., 1989, 432 p. (In Russian). 10. London J. Belyy klyk. Povest’. Rasskazy [White Fang. Novella. Stories]. In: London J. Belyy klyk. Povest’. Rasskazy [White Fang. Novella. Stories]; Seton-Tompson E. Rasskazy o zhivotnykh [Animal Stories]; Salten F. Bembi [Bambi]. Moscow, Detskaya literatura Publ., 1982, pp. 19-290. (In Russian). 11. London J. Rasskazy [Stories]. Voronezh, Central Black Earth Book Publ., 1986, 351 p. (In Russian). 12. Cooper J.F. Sobranie sochineniy: v 7 t. T. 6. Zveroboy, ili Pervaya tropa voyny [Collected Works: in 7 vols. Vol. 6. The Deerslayer, or The First War-Path]. Moscow, Pravda Publ., 1982, 495 p. (In Russian). 13. Baltron R. Dzhek London: Chelovek, pisatel’, buntar’ [Jack London: Person, Author, Rebel]. Moscow, Progress Publ., 1981, 208 p. (In Russian). Kovalev Y.V. Literatura SSHA [History of the USA]. In: Terteryan I.A. (executive ed.). Istoriya vsemirnoy literatury: v 9 t. [History of World Literature in 9 vols.]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1989, vol. 6, pp. 551-581. (In Russian).



Section of issue

Literature studies

Для корректной работы сайта используйте один из современных браузеров. Например, Firefox 55, Chrome 60 или более новые.