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Parallels of A.S. Pushkin’s tales and Giambattista Basile’s “Tale of Tales” of 17th century

Annotation

First in Russian the collection “Tale of Tales” by the Neapolitan writer Giambattista Basile (1566–72?–1632) was published in 2016. Most people know plots fragments of the collection from the tales of Brothers Grimm, Carlo Gozzi, Charles Pierrot and A.S. Pushkin. Inspired by the book the movie “Tale of Tales” was shot in 2015, it was directed by Matteo Garrone and got the Italian national film award “Davide di Donatello”. There are some selected plots of these tales; we indicate who actually is “the little animal” (and the Puss in Boots), what mythological background the figures of the Swan Princess, the Dead Princess have. We also consider the Dead Princess’s relation to different world roving plots, including “The Sleeping Beauty” by P.I. Tchaikovsky. We present analogies in rites and customs of the Russian (as well as Ukrainian) folk tales, a pantheon of gods from different peoples, Old Testament. The meaning of the names we establish along with the alchemical formula of A.S. Pushkin, of N.V. Gogol’s Viy and Basile’s Mother of Time; there is also the characterization of N.V. Gogol by P.V. Annenkov (1813–1887). We show the trans-alphabetic coincidence of the meaning of multilingual words, of the calendar names with the mythologic gods’ names related to the different planets. We also present the A.N. Afanasyev’s analysis of one Basile’s fairy tales from in the “Poetic views on nature of the Slavs”, and there are given some thoughts of V.Y. Propp (1895–1970) on the identified topics along with a brief assessment on the oeuvres of A.S. Pushkin given by the renowned specialist in literature P.V. Palievsky (1932–2019).

Keywords

analogies in the tales of A.S. Pushkin and Giambattista Basile; the Swan-Princess as Aphrodite; the universal scheme of the “Tale of the Dead Princess and the Seven Knights”; “The Sleeping Beauty” of P.I. Tshaikovsky; A.N. Afanasyev’s analysis of Basile; N.V. Gogol's Viy and Basile's Mother of Time; P.V. Palievsky

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DOI

10.20310/2587-6953-2020-6-21-134-140

UDC

82-34

Pages

134-140

References

1. Bazile Giambattista. Skazka skazok [Tale of Tales]. St. Petersburg, I. Limbakh’s Publ., 2016. (In Russian). 2. Decio Cinti. Dizionario mitologico. Milano, Tascabili Sonzogno, 1989. (In Italian). 3. Pushkin A.S. Skazki [Fairy tales]. Moscow, Detskaya literatura Publ., 1988. (In Russian). 4. Propp V.Y. Morfologiya (volshebnoy) skazki. Istoricheskiye korni volshebnoy skazki [Morphology of (Magic) Fairy Tale. Historical Origins of Magic Fairy Tale]. Moscow, Labirint, 1998, 511 p. (In Russian). 5. Afanasyev A.N. Poeticheskiye vozzreniya slavyan na prirodu [Poetic Views of Slavs on Nature]. Moscow, Sovremennyy pisatel Publ., 1995. (In Russian). 6. Afanasyev A.N. Mify drevnikh slavyan [Ancient Slavs’ Myths]. Moscow, Array Litagent “RIPOL” Publ., 2014. (In Russian). 7. Concetta Lo Iacono. La bella addormentata nel bosco. Programma № 13 del Teatro alla Scala, Stagione di Balletto 2018/2019. Milano, 2018. (In Italian). 8. Basile Giambattista. Cunto del cunti. Milano, Garzanti, 2013. (In Italian). 9. Gogol N.V. Vechera na khutore bliz Dikan’ki [Evenings on a Farm Near Dikanka]. Moscow, Khudozhestvennaya literatura Publ., 1982. (In Russian). 10. Annenkov P.V. Literaturnyye vospominaniya [Literature Memoirs]. Moscow, 1983. (In Russian). 11. Paliyevskiy P.V. Russkiye klassiki. Opyt obshchey kharakteristiki [Russian Classical Authors. Attempt of General Characteristics]. Moscow, Khudozhestvennaya literatura Publ., 1987. (In Russian).

Received

2019-10-11

Section of issue

Russian literature

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