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Word-formation neologisms of the coronavirus pandemic era in the media space

Annotation

We present the results of the analysis of word-formation neologisms that entered the Russian language during the coronavirus pandemic. The texts of the media space, which served as the research material, clearly demonstrate the active processes currently taking place in the voca-bulary and word-formation of Russian language. The neologisms selected by the continuous sampling method are classified by us into groups depending on the methods of word-formation. The most frequent methods of usual word-formation are the suffix method and the stem and word composition. Along with the usual methods in the word-formation of “pandemic” neologisms, non-usual methods of word formation (contamination, interword overlap, graphohybridization,) are often used. Drawing an analogy with the English-language media discourse, we point out that some of the contaminants entered the Russian language in a ready-made form as a result of bor-rowing from the English language. We also show the phenomena of polysemy and synonymy among “pandemic” neologisms. We conclude that the neologisms of the pandemic era reflect the general trends occurring in the word-formation of the Russian language in the 21st century. The data obtained can be used in the dictionary of the Russian language of the pandemic era, as well as in the courses of lectures on lexicology and word-formation of the Russian language.

Keywords

neologism, pandemic, contamination, universalization, graphohybridization

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DOI

10.20310/2587-6953-2022-8-2-286-294

UDC

811.161.1

Pages

286-294

References

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Received

2022-02-18

Section of issue

Russian language. Languages of peoples of Russia

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