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THE DEVELOPMENT OF CRIMINAL LEGISLATION ON RESPONSIBILITY FOR CRIMES IN THE AREA OF TRANSPORT SECURITY IN THE PRE-REVOLUTIONARY AND SOVIET PERIODS

Annotation

The questions of formation and development of the criminal legislation on responsibility for crimes in the field of transportation security in pre-revolutionary and Soviet periods are considered. Reasons behind the changes in criminal law in the field, their impact on the design of modern criminal offences in the field of transport security are analyzed. It is found that in the pre-revolutionary period clearance of crimes is related to a violation of traffic safety and vehicle operation, which, however, were of a casuistic fragmented nature, an important prerequisite for the development and improvement of the institute of transport security. The compositions of these crimes were predominantly formal and established liability, including violations that endanger that emphasized increased public significance of security relations in the study area. The relevance of criminalizing acts in the field of transport safety for the endangerment is not lost to this day.

Keywords

development of criminal law; transport safety; criminal liability; transportation security threats; pre-revolutionary and Soviet periods

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UDC

343.346

Pages

60-73

References

1. Semenov V.R. Ugolovnaya otvetstvennost' za narushenie pravil, obespechivayushchikh bezopasnuyu rabotu transporta: avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk [Criminal Liability for Violation of Regulations Ensuring Safe Work of Transport. Cand. jurid. sci. diss. abstr.]. Moscow, 2013. (In Russian). 2. Chistyakov O.I. (gen. ed.). Rossiyskoe zakonodatel'stvo X–XX vekov. T. 3. Akty Zemskikh soborov [Russian Legislation in 10–20 Centuries. Vol. 3. Acts of the Assemblies of the Land]. Moscow, Legal Literature Publ., 1985, 512 p. (In Russian). 3. Kovalchuk O.V. Retrospektiva gosudarstvennogo regulirovaniya bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizheniya v imperskiy period Rossii (seredina XVII veka do 1917 goda) [Retrospective Review Of State Regulation Of Road Traffic Safety During The Imperial Period In Russia (middle of 17th century till 1917)]. Administrativnoe pravo i protsess – Administrative Law and Procedure, 2016, no. 2, pp. 69-73. (In Russian). 4. Girko S.I., Borisov A.V., Mironov A.I., Polubinskiy V.I. Organy vnutrennikh del Rossiyskoy imperii [Internal Affairs Bodies of Russian Empire.]. Moscow, All-Russian Research Institute of Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, 2002, vol. 1. (In Russian). 5. Lyubimov L.V. Dorozhno-transportnye prestupleniya: Problemy zakonodatel'nogo konstruirovaniya sostavov i differentsiatsii otvetstvennosti uchastnikov dorozhnogo dvizheniya: dis ... kand. yurid. nauk [Road Traffic Offences: Problems of Legislative Design of Compositions and Differentiation of Responsibility of Participants of Traffic. Cand. jurid. sci. diss.]. Volgograd, 2005. (In Russian). 6. Isaev N.I. Ugolovnaya otvetstvennost' za narushenie Pravil dorozhnogo dvizheniya i ekspluatatsii transportnykh sredstv [Criminal Liability for Violation of Traffic Rules and Operation of Vehicles]. Moscow, Yurisprudentsiya Publ., 2011. (In Russian). 7. Alekseev N.S. Transportnye prestupleniya [Transport Crimes]. Leningrad, Leningrad State University Publ., 1957, 147 p. (In Russian). 8. Kurskiy D.I. Izbrannye stat'i i rechi [Selected Articles and Speeches]. Moscow, Yurizdat Publ., 1948. (In Russian). 9. Gertsenzon A.A., Gringauz S.S., Durmanov N.D., Isaev M.M., Utevskiy B.S. Istoriya sovetskogo ugolovnogo prava [History of Soviet Criminal Law]. Moscow, Legal Publ. House of Ministry of Justice of the USSR, 1948, 465 p. (In Russian). 10. Durmanov N.D. Ugolovnaya otvetstvennost' za prestupleniya protiv obshchestvennoy bezopasnosti, obshchestvennogo poryadka i zdorov'ya naseleniya [Criminal Liability for Crimes Against Public Security, Public Order and Health of the Population]. Moscow, Gosyurizdat Publ., 1962, 62 p. (In Russian).

Received

2017-03-12

Section of issue

Substantive law

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