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Problems of theory and practice of governmental protection of rights and interests of minors

Annotation

We analyze normative documents of the Russian Federation, regulating the protection of the rights and interests of a minor, allowed to form some problems of his proper legal protection. In particular, we are talking about the presence of shortcomings inherent in the domestic criminal legislation, which, of course, generates further problems of law enforcement. Attention is focused on some, in our opinion, significant shortcomings, indicating the inconsistency of the essence and content of the normative provisions of modern directions of criminal law policy in terms of protection of minors from the most common socially dangerous attacks at the present time. Special attention is paid to the effectiveness of national mechanisms to ensure and protect the rights and interests of children through the implementation of national programs and projects. The plan of the main activities up to 2020, carried out within the framework of the Decade of childhood, presented for analysis, focuses on the neutralization of social and domestic problems. The complex of diverse measures has been developed and approved taking into account modern requirements to the process of full socialization of a teenager in the family, society and the state. However, against the background of the progressing unfavorable trends in the state program, the need to focus on the mechanism of prevention and combating criminal threats, the victims of which are children, is completely ignored. In this connection, it is concluded that it is necessary to improve the legislation acting as the basis of social and criminal policy for the protection of children.

Keywords

exploitation of minors; child abduction; child pornography; prevention; counteraction

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DOI

10.20310/2587-9340-2018-2-8-149-156

UDC

343.43

Pages

149-156

References

1. Skakun O.S. Aktual’nyye voprosy realizatsii mezhdunarodnykh dogovorov Rossiyskoy Federatsii v sfere zashchite prav rebenka: avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk [Topical issues of implementation of international treaties of the Russian Federation in the field of child rights protection. Cand. jurid. sci. diss. abstr.]. Moscow, 2013. (In Russian). 2. Volkov K.A. Prestupleniya protiv nesovershennoletnikh: voprosy, trebuyushchiye resheniya [Crimes against minors: issues that require resolution]. Voprosy yuvenal’noy yustitsii – Issues of Juvenile Justice, 2014, no. 3, pp. 4-7. (In Russian). 3. Prozumentov L.M. Nekotoryye problemy ugolovno-pravovogo regulirovaniya zashchity prav nesovershennoletnikh [Rights of minors and their protection in criminal law: problems of regulation]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta – Tomsk State University Journal, 2011, no. 346, pp. 99-102. (In Russian). 4. Kim E.V., Kim A.V., Aleksandrova I.S. Aktual’nost’ kriminalizatsii pokhishcheniya nesovershennoletnego rebenka ego rodstvennikami [Relevance criminalization abduction minor child of his relatives]. Uchenyye zametki TOGU [Scientists Notes of Pacific National University], 2014, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 401-403. (In Russian). 5. Shmykov D.V. Pornografiya sredi nesovershennoletnikh [Pornography among minor]. Aktual’nyye teoreticheskiye i prakticheskiye voprosy razvitiya yuridicheskoy nauki: obshchegosudarstvennyy i regional’nyy aspekty [Actual Theoretical and Practical Issues of Legal Science Development: Federal and Regional Aspects], 2014, no. 1, pp. 447-455. (In Russian). 6. Semikina M.S. Kiberprestupleniya, sovershayemyye v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnikh [Cybercrime committed against minors]. Sbornik statey Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii «Aktual’nyye problemy reformirovaniya sovremennogo zakonodatel’stva» [Collection of Articles of the International Scientific-Practical Conference “Current Problems of Modern Legislation Reforming”]. Ufa, AETERNA Publ., 2018, pp. 176-181. (In Russian).

Received

2018-10-22

Section of issue

Academic Events OF Law and National Security Institute Tambov State University named after G.R. Derzhavin

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