Menu: Home :: go to Journal :: switch to Russian :: switch to English
You are here: all Journals and Issues→ Journal→ Issue→ Article

Socio-demographic and criminal-legal characteristics of convicted of crimes in the sphere of economic activity. Criminological analysis of statistical data

Annotation

We analyze statistical data on the socio-demographic and criminal-legal characteristics of convicted of crimes in the economic activity sphere (Chapter 22 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation) in the Russian Federation for the period from 2011 to 2019. We establish that convicted of сrime under Article 175 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation stand out from the general mass of those convicted of crimes in the economic activity sphere due to their similarity in socio-demographic characteristics with convicted of crimes against property (theft). Analysis of the characteristics of the criminal’s personality traits allows us to conclude that among the persons who have committed crimes in the economic activity sphere, men are highly active; the highest frequency of registered crimes falls on the age group from 30 to 49 years; these categories of persons have a fairly high level of education (higher or secondary); the percentage of persons who have committed crimes in the economic activity sphere and at the same time had a criminal record is rather low; crimes in the economic activity sphere are committed with the predominance of the motive of self-interest, and in some cases, the status motive.

Keywords

criminality; criminal personality; criminal personality in the economic activity sphere; socio-demographic personality traits; criminal activity

Full-text in one file

Download

DOI

10.20310/2587-9340-2020-4-15-356-368

UDC

343.9

Pages

356-368

References

1. Kabanov P.A. Otzyv na dissertatsiyu Mardanova Azera Balay ogly na temu «Lichnost’ sovremennogo ekonomicheskogo prestupnika», predstavlennuyu na soiskaniye uchenoy stepeni kandidata yuridicheskikh nauk po spetsial’nosti 12.00.08 – ugolovnoye pravo i kriminologiya; ugolovno-ispolnitel’noye pravo [Reviewed by thesis Mardanova Azer Balai ogly on the topic: “The personality of the modem economic criminals”]. Sledovatel’ [Investigator], 2011, no. 1, pp. 61-64. (In Russian). 2. Mardanov A.B. Lichnost’ sovremennogo ekonomicheskogo prestupnika: dis. … kand. yurid. nauk [The Personality of the Modern Economic Criminal. Cand. jurid. sci. diss.]. Tyumen, 2011, 240 p. (In Russian). 3. Bocharnikova L.N., Kurdyukova S.V. Lichnost’ ekonomicheskogo prestupnika [The identity of the economic criminal]. Belgorodskiye kriminalisticheskiye chteniya [Belgorod Forensic Readings]. Belgorod, Putilin Belgorod Law Institute of Ministry of the Interior of Russia Publ., 2018, pp. 262-266. (In Russian). 4. Kazakevich S.M. Kriminologicheskiy portret litsa, sovershayushchego ekonomicheskiye prestupleniya [Criminological portrait of a person committing economic crimes]. Yuridicheskaya nauka i pravookhranitel’naya praktika – Legal Science and Law Enforcement Practice, 2017, no. 2 (40), pp. 93-97. (In Russian). 5. Simonova Y.S. Osobennosti lichnosti sovremennogo prestupnika v sfere ekonomicheskoy deyatel’nosti [Special features of the personality of contemporary criminal in the sphere of the economic activity]. Sbornik studencheskikh nauchnykh rabot 8 Mezhdunarodnoy studencheskoy elektronnoy nauchnoy konferentsii «Studencheskiy nauchnyy forum 2016»: «Prestupleniye i nakazaniye: istoriya, pravo, moral’» [Collection of Student Scientific Works of the 8th International Student Electronic Research Conference “Student Scientific Forum 2016”: “Crime and Punishment: History, Law, Morality”]. Moscow, 2016, pp. 173-179. (In Russian). 6. Malkova V.D. (ed.). Kriminologiya [Criminology]. Moscow, 2008, 528 p. (In Rus-sian). 7. Dyadkin D.S. Protsess naznacheniya ugolovnogo nakazaniya kak ob”yekt upravleniya [The process of fixing a punishment as an object for regulation]. Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Seriya: Gumanitarnyye nauki – Tambov University Review: Series Humanities, 2006, no. 3-2 (43), pp. 39-41. (In Russian).

Received

2020-06-26

Section of issue

Substantive law

Для корректной работы сайта используйте один из современных браузеров. Например, Firefox 55, Chrome 60 или более новые.