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The concept of the ideal form of the Russian state: problems and prospects

Annotation

We present the search for an optimal model of the Russian state through the prism of idealism. We doctrinally justify that the ideal form of the state is a construction that can be created theoretically and that can be approached, as it is gradually developed. In the modern sense, the ideal of state is already expressed in the Constitution of the Russian Federation – it is a democratic, legal, social state. We establish that the political and legal reform carried out in Russia has shown that the effectiveness of the country’s development depends on the importance of constitutional norms, the renewed role of the state, and the assertion and protection of human and civil rights and freedoms. We propose arguments indicating that modern Russia can be considered a mixed (parliamentary-presidential) republic, an asymmetric and constitutional federation with a national-territorial character and democratic political regime. We investigate two main approaches to the definition of the ideal form of the state in modern Russia: firstly, a limited monarchy, a federation with democracy elements (based on the historical and cultural features of the development of the state), and secondly, the existing and proclaimed form of the state in the Constitution of the Russian Federation is considered, with an amendment to the challenges of the time. We conclude that the modern development of Russia, taking into account international standards, should move in the direction of the ideals already proclaimed in the Constitution of the Russian Federation with a mandatory focus on cultural, traditional and historical features of development.

Keywords

concept, state, society, ideal form of the state, legal state, social state, freedom, human rights, republic, federation, democratic regime, modern challenges

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DOI

10.20310/2587-9340-2021-5-18-226-234

UDC

342.3

Pages

226-234

References

1. Tikhomirov Y.A. Gosudarstvo: preyemstvennost’ i novizna [The State: Continuity and Novelty]. Moscow, Publishing House Jurisprudence, 2011, 80 p. (In Russian). 2. Chirkin V.E. Revolyutsionnaya transformatsiya sushchnosti, soderzhaniya i formy rossiyskogo gosudarstva (K stoletiyu Velikogo Oktyabrya) [The revolutionary transformation of essence, content and form of the Russian state (to the centennial of the great October)]. Gosudarstvo i pravo – State and Law, 2018, no. 7, pp. 49-56. (In Russian). 3. Chirkin V.E. O nekotorykh zabluzhdeniyakh po voprosam kharaktere, roli i budushchem konstitutsii [Some misconceptions about the nature, role and future of the constitution]. Sbornik trudov Vserossiyskoy konferentsii «Idei konstitutsionalizma v otechestvennom zakonodatel’stve» [Collection of Works of the All-Russian Conference “Ideas of Constitutionalism in Domestic Legislation”]. Moscow, 2019, pp. 14-19. (In Russian). 4. Vlasenko N.A. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava: nauchno-prakticheskoye posobiye [Theory of State and Law: Scientific and Practical Guide]. Moscow, Publishing House Jurisprudence, 2009, 424 p. (In Russian). 5. Tikhomirov Y.A. Formula pravovogo vozdeystviya [Formula of legal impact]. Zhurnal rossiyskogo prava – Journal of Russian Law, 2020, no. 11, pp. 5-13. (In Russian). 6. Isayev I.A. (executive ed.). Istoriya otechestvennogo gosudarstva i prava Rossii [History of the Domestic State and Law of Russia]. Moscow, Prospekt Publ., 2012, 432 p. (In Russian). 7. Guseynov A.A. (executive ed.). Gosudarstvo kak proizvedeniye iskusstva: 150-letiye kontseptsii [State as a Work of Art: 150th Anniversary of the Concept]. Moscow, Summer Garden Publ., 2011, 287 p. (In Russian). 8. Medushevskogo A.N. (ed.). Teoriya konstitutsionnykh tsiklov [The Theory of Constitutional Cycles]. Moscow, HSE Publ., 2005, 576 p. (In Russian).

Received

2021-03-26

Section of issue

General theory and history of law and the state

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