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Ensuring the right to housing for police officers at different historical stages of Russian state development

Annotation

We draw attention to the peculiarities of development of right to housing by police officers since 1718 (the official formation of the police) and indicate how this right was implemented until this year. Thus, until 1718, persons in the civil service, as a rule, consisted of boyars, nobles, etc., and they were provided with housing. The officers performing police functions were elected from black settlements, respectively, they did not have their own housing, so they were given official housing at their place of service. We emphasize that a new stage in the development of police began in 1718, when the post of the St. Petersburg General-Chief of Police was established. However, the relevant normative legal acts regulating the housing provision of employees were not adopted. It is indicated that in the 19th century, compensation was paid to police officers. At the same time, according to the Code of Laws of the Russian Empire in 1857, police officers could conclude a contract of employment, and subsequently, after the publication of the Law of June 23, 1912 “On the Right of Building”, the middle class was protected from taking a large payment from them. for housing. Attention is focused on the fact that after the October Revolution of 1917, in 1922, the Moscow City Council decided to release all employees of the Moscow police from paying utility bills. The right to housing was also ensured after the collapse of the USSR and the reform of the department, taking into account the adoption of the Federal Law of February 7, 2011 No. 3-FL “On the Police”.

Keywords

right to housing, provision of housing for police officers, housing legal relations, housing rights of employees of internal affairs bodies, housing issue

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DOI

10.20310/2587-9340-2021-5-20-741-751

UDC

347

Pages

741-751

References

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Received

2021-09-19

Section of issue

Substantive law

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