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Auxiliary law enforcement actions of the creditor in obligations

Annotation

We analyze some of the creditor’s law enforcement actions in obligations, which in the theory of civil law have become accepted to be called creditor obligations. We dispute the thesis that it is possible to classify as obligations those actions that help in the implementation of creditor’s subjective right and are part of the mechanism for its implementation. We provide an analysis of a number of creditor’s necessary actions, which act auxiliary to the basic action to implement the subjective right in obligation. We propose to abandon the concept of “obligation” in relation to those creditorial enforcement actions, the failure of which entails sanctions that are not related to liability measures. We establish that in the obligation within the framework of mutual subjective rights and obligations, there are creditor actions that do not contain leading economic significance, but have an auxiliary nature, ensure the fulfillment of the main economic obligations arising in the basic commodity-money relationship. The creditor’s law enforcement actions include not only the acceptance of performance, but also other organizational actions of an actual nature, which, ultimately, are aimed at fulfilling the obligation by both parties. The non-fulfillment of the creditor's law enforcement actions does not entail direct responsibility for their non-fulfillment, only indirect possibilities of influencing the counterparty are established. The indirect means of influencing the creditor include the delay in fulfilling the obligation as a measure of operational impact.

Keywords

creditor obligations, subjective law, fulfillment of obligations delay, fulfillment of obligations, unilateral refusal from the contract, coercion, compulsion, inducement to fulfill an obligation

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DOI

10.20310/2587-9340-2021-5-20-792-799

UDC

347.4

Pages

792-799

References

1. Gurova E.A. Otlichiya kreditorskikh obyazannostey ot obyazannostey dolzhnika [Differences between creditor’s and debtor’s liabilities]. Vestnik Omskogo universiteta. Seriya «Pravo» – Herald of Omsk University. Series Law, 2017, no. 3 (52), pp. 99-101. (In Russian). 2. Kulakov V.V. O kreditorskikh obyazannostyakh [About creditor’s obligations]. Vestnik Tverskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta – Herald of TvSU, 2013, no. 36, pp. 56-64. (In Russian). 3. Sarbash S.V. Ispolneniye vzaimnykh obyazatel’stv [Fulfillment of Mutual Obligations]. Moscow, Statut Publ., 2004. (In Russian). 4. Khokhlov V.A. Obshchiye polozheniya ob obyazatel’stvakh [General Provisions on Obligations]. Moscow, Statut Publ., 2015, 286 p. (In Russian). 5. Gurova E.A. Posledstviya neispolneniya kreditorskikh obyazannostey [Consequences of breach of creditor’s obligations]. Yuridicheskiy Vestnik Samarskogo Universiteta – Juridical Journal of Samara University, 2018, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 114-117. (In Russian). 6. Gruzdev V.V. Grazhdansko-pravovyye vozrazheniya obyazannogo litsa [Civil law objections of the obligated person]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta – Tomsk State University Journal, 2014, no. 389, pp. 166-170. (In Russian). 7. Karapetov A.G. Priostanovleniye ispolneniya obyazatel’stv [Suspension of Fulfillment of Obligations]. Moscow, Statut Publ., 2011, 236 p. (In Russian). 8. Egorov A.V. Struktura obyazatel’stvennogo pravootnosheniya: narabotka germanskoy doktriny i ikh primenimost’ v Rossii [The structure of the legal relationship: the development of the German doctrine and their applicability in Russia]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo prava – Civil Law Review, 2011, no. 3, pp. 249-261. (In Russian).

Received

2021-09-27

Section of issue

Substantive law

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