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Influence of actual nutrition, energotrate, somatotype on formation of protein-energy insufficiency syndrome among Tambov female students aged 18-22 years

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The purpose of the study: to study the peculiarities of the influence of nutrition, energotrate, somatotype on the formation of anthropometric syndrome protein-energy insufficiency (SPEI) among female students. Material and methods: we examined 236 girls at the age of 18-22. We studied anthropometric features of physical development, body weight components, actual nutrition and energy resources. We evaluated the 25 of somatometric signs measured using the automated complex «Healthy Child» (TVES, Russia). Diagnosis of SBEN syndrome happened by body-weight index (BWI). We carried out evaluation of actual power supply and power consumption by frequency method with subsequent application of computer program «Analysis of human power supply condition» (version 1.2.4) of Scientific Research Institute of Nutrition. Results: girls with SPEI have significantly reduced morphological status, including component composition of body weight, compared to the control group. Girls with SPEI have a decrease in daily energy consumption against the background of similar levels of energy value of diets and consumption of basic nutrients compared to the control group. One of the main factors in the formation of girls' SPEI is constitutional: 95.6 % of them are asthenics. Discussion: Energy consumption, including physical load, and nutrition are regulated factors of formation of female students' SPEI and somatometric signs of this syndrome should control their usage. Whereas hereditary factors determine somatotype and the mechanisms of its influence on physical development require in-depth study.

Keywords

youthful age, nutritional status, protein-energy insufficiency syndrome, actual nutrition, energotrates, anthropometry, physical development, body components, asthenic somatotype

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DOI

10.20310/2658-7688-2019-1-3-41-50

UDC

612.394

Pages

41-50

References

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Received

2019-09-26

Section of issue

Preventive medicine

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