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Fire charter as a source of town-planning law: features of systematization

Annotation

The Russian Fire charter of 1857 is studied. Its structure, principles of organization of a standard material, legal equipment are considered. Fundamentals of applied methodology are the principle of historicism and a legalistic method of the analysis of the statutory act. For the analysis of the town-planning norms in the charter, comparative methods of comparison of a form and an essence of a statement of the rule of law are applied. For research the different editions of Charter were used. On the basis of the analysis of formulations of the Fire charter the question of type of the realized systematization is raised. It is disclosed that quality of systematization of the Fire charter comes nearer to incorporation due to mechanical accession to it some minor regulations and their inclusion in the uniform Arch. The links of the charter with the main document in the sphere of town-planning regulation of 19th century – the Building charter come to light. In the analysis of texts of these regulations semantic repetitions became obvious. It is concluded that a significant role of the Fire charter in the field of town planning regulation in the conditions of constant fire danger in the Russian cities of 19th century. The social aspect of the norms containing regulations on the help to the population in cases of fires is noted.

Keywords

town building; Fire charter; fire safety; systematization of town-planning norms; Building charter

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UDC

93(09); 62(09)

Pages

198-204

References

1. Pozharnyy Ustav // Svod Zakonov Rossiyskoy Imperii, poveleniem Gosudarya Imperatora Nikolaya I sostavlennyy. Spb., 1857. T. 12. Ch. 1. 2. Pirozhkova I.G. Evolyutsiya tipologii gradostroitel'nykh ob"ektov v normativno-pravovoy baze Rossiyskoy imperii // Istoricheskie, filosofskie, politicheskie i yuridicheskie nauki, kul'turologiya i iskus-stvovedenie. Voprosy teorii i praktiki. Tambov, 2013. № 5 (31): v 2 ch. Ch. 1. S. 149-151. 3. Smirnova A.A., Oparina T.I. Mesto Pozharnogo ustava v sisteme zakonodatel'stva Rossiyskoy imperii o pozharnoy bezopasnosti // Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta GPS MChS Rossii. 2013. № 3. URL: http://vestnik.igps.ru/ wp-content/uploads/V53/21.pdf (data obrashche-niya: 03.11.2013). 4. Barikhin A.B. Bol'shoy yuridicheskiy entsiklopedicheskiy slovar'. M., 2004. 5. Svod zakonov Rossiyskoy imperii. T. 12. Ustavy gosudarstvennogo blagoustroystva. Stroitel'nyy ustav. Spb., 1900. 6. Matuzov N.I. V plenu pravovogo idealizma // Istoriya. Pravo. Politika. 2011. № 2. S. 66-70. 7. Matuzov N.I. Pravovoy idealizm kak spetsificheskaya forma deformatsii obshchest-vennogo soznaniya // Vestnik Saratovskoy gosudarstvennoy yuridicheskoy akademii. 2013. № 4 (93). S. 19-27. 8. Pirozhkova I.G. K voprosu o pravovom idealizme v normativnom regulirovanii gradostroitel'stva v Rossiyskoy imperii XVIII v. // Aktual'nye problemy rossiyskogo prava. 2011. № 2 (19). S. 12-19. 9. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava: kurs lektsiy / pod red. prof. A.V. Mal'ko. URL: http://www.bib liotekar.ru/teoria-gosudarstva-i-prava-1/72.htm (data obrashcheniya: 03.11.2013).

Received

2013-12-14

Section of issue

Law

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