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Physical development, component body composition, actual nutrition, energy balance of overweight and obese students

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The aim of the study: to research the prevalence of overweight and obesity, the features of physical development, the type of physique, the component composition of the body of students, their dependence on the energy balance and the actual nutrition of students with overweight syndrome. Material and methods: we carried out the study on the basis of Derzhavin Tambov State University. We examined 128 young men aged 18–22 years. The anthropometric program included the determination of 25 features, measured according to the standard methodology using the automated complex of CMD “Healthy Child.” Diagnosis of overweight syndrome and obesity was by body mass index. We carried out an estimation of actual power supply and power consumption by frequency method with subsequent application of computer program ”Analysis of human power supply state” (version 1.2.4) of the Main Research Institute of RAMS Power Supply. The results: we noted a high frequency of overweight (41 ,4 %) and obesity (23,4 %) among the examined young men, with hyperstenic physique type, excess body weight was among 58,5 %, and obesity among 73,3 % of students. An excess of the energy value of the diet over daily energy consumption, which was due to an increased number of fats due to saturated fatty acids, proteins and easily digestible carbohydrates characterizes nutrition in overweight syndrome. A decrease in the proportion of skinny body weight and muscle mass contributed to a decrease in daily energy consumption in overweight syndrome. We established an imbalance of macronutrients, leading to the development of abdominal obesity. The energy value and chemical composition of the diet did not affect the incidence of overweight and obesity in students with different types of physique.

Keywords

youthful age; male gender; overweight syndrome; obesity; energy balance; actual nutrition; anthropometry; physical development; body components

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DOI

10.20310/2658-7688-2020-2-3(7)-42-53

UDC

616-08

Pages

42-53

References

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Received

2020-04-25

Section of issue

Preventive medicine

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