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Physiotherapeutic support of patients with dysplastic coxarthrosis after total hip prosthetics

Annotation

Today, the main method of surgical treatment of dysplastic coxarthrosis among adults is total hip prosthetics. Distant positive results according to foreign authors are 76–89%. One method of rehabilitation is physiotherapeutic treatment. The absence of standardized physiotherapeutic treatment protocols leads to a sharp reduction in the prescription of this type of rehabilitation measures. The aim of the study is to assess the long-term results of hip joint endoprosthetics among patients with dysplastic coxarthrosis using the developed physiotherapeutic treatment technique. Research materials and methods. For the period from 2010 to 2014, 205 patients were performed an operation with dysplastic coxarthrosis 1, 2, 3 degrees of Crowe. In the pre- and postoperative periods, patients of the main group were prescribed physiotherapeutic treatment according to the developed methodology. Evaluation of the results was carried out 12 months after surgical treatment using clinical and radiological methods, questionnaires using the Harris scale, SF-36. The obtained data were processed using statistical methods: Student coefficient, Pearson coefficient, correlation method. Results. When analyzing distant results, the average Harris score in the main group 85.82 (84.93–86.71) was significantly higher than in the comparison group 83.01 (82.02–84.00). The average score of the SF-36 questionnaire in the main group was significantly higher than in the comparison group (p < 0.001). Mental health indicators of patients were not significantly different from those of the postoperative period and were at a high level. Conclusions. Prescription of physiotherapeutic treatment promotes rapid healing of postoperative wounds and improves results of surgical treatment.

Keywords

dysplastic coxarthrosis; total hip prosthetics; physiotherapeutic treatment

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DOI

10.20310/2658-7688-2020-2-3(7)-7-16

UDC

616.728.2

Pages

7-16

References

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Received

2020-05-10

Section of issue

Clinical medicine

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