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Effect of non-removable orthodontic devices on the condition of solid dental tissues

Annotation

We carried out the analysis of solid dental tissue among 50 patients at different stages of orthodontic treatment using brace systems made of materials, which are used most often in the process of bite correction. We determined the hygiene index (OHI-S), saliva buffer capacity and its immunoreactive properties, caries intensity to explain the development of demineralization. We conducted the study using ligature and self-ligating ceramic and metal brace systems. The examination revealed a clear tendency to imbalance in the local immune response of the body, deterioration of hygienic status in patients during the period of noted orthodontic treatment, as well as noticeable changes in the structure of solid tooth tissues. There is a noticeable development of pathological processes depending on the duration of treatment, and then a regressive effect in relation to hygienic deviations in tracking the retinal period. These studies have proved the pathogenetic effect of edgewise technology, mainly ligature representatives, on the general state of the oral cavity, including the body as a whole, which leads to the importance of the introduction of permanent preventive hygienic events and the implementation of treatment in conjunction with dental doctors of other directions.

Keywords

orthodontic treatment; ligature brace systems; self-ligating brace systems; demineralization; oral microflora

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DOI

10.20310/2658-7688-2021-3-1(9)-23-29

UDC

616.314-089.23:616.314.1

Pages

23-29

References

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Received

2021-02-04

Section of issue

Clinical medicine

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