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Current methods of radiation diagnostics of traumatic bone injuries

Annotation

The use of the latest digital technologies has contributed to the discovery of opportunities for medicine based on earlier and detailed detection of pathological changes, which, in turn, has allowed to increase the effectiveness of the diagnostic process, improve treatment results and further prognosis. The progress of radiation diagnostics primarily contributed to the development of such a discipline as traumatology. The improvement of diagnostic algorithms, an integrated approach to the selection of radiation examination methods made it possible to more fully examine patients with complex fractures, determine the nature of injuries, and choose the correct tactics and scope of surgery. The presented research provides an overview of current diagnostic methods used in traumatology and orthopedics, from classical radiography to the most modern imaging methods, such as magnetic resonance, computer tomography, scintigraphy. We gave examples of using different methods of research in detecting injuries of musculoskeletal system, carried out their comparative analysis, considered issues of combined use of several diagnostic methods, presented data on positive and negative aspects of their application, analyzed effectiveness of results. We obtained material for the analysis and writing of the literary review from scientific electronic databases: eLIBRARY, Scopus, Google Scholar, PubMed, RFFI Library, data from scientific publications of domestic and foreign authors. The depth of the search for literary sources was the period from 2008 to 2019.

Keywords

radiation diagnostics; radiography; computed tomography; magnetic resonance imaging; scintigraphy

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DOI

10.20310/2658-7688-2021-3-1(9)-30-38

UDC

616-079

Pages

30-38

Received

2021-01-11

Section of issue

Clinical medicine

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