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Historical aspects and organizational issues of deontology in dental institutions

Annotation

A large number of works are devoted to the problem of medical ethics and deontology. They mainly consider the relationship between a medical worker and a patient, a medical worker and society. The issue of adherence to medical deontology and ethics between doctors is not often raised in the professional literature. We considered issues of relationship of the health worker and patient, the personal qualities of the doctor and moral installations defining his behavior; relations with colleagues and rationing the vocational and ethical field of medicine in the form of a vocational and ethical code. The key principles of bioethics are the following: the principle of humanism, professionalism, the scientific nature of medical interventions, self-criticism. Modern successes in the field of science and technology, the transfer of their results to medical practice have determined the relevance of the relationship between the doctor and the patient from the point of view of law, morality and religious beliefs. This problem area is the subject of biomedical ethics, the task of which is to solve ethical problems closely related to medical practice and biomedical research. We defined modern medical ethics through correlation with the bioethical model.

Keywords

deontology; medical ethics; medical error; collective nature

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DOI

10.20310/2658-7688-2021-3-1(9)-39-44

UDC

614.253.1

Pages

39-44

References

1. Klyomin V.А, Zhdanov V.E., Khasanov А.I. et al. Psikhologicheskaya podgotovka pri vybore professii vracha-stomatologa [Psychological training in choosing the profession of a dentist]. Stomatologiya – Dentistry. 2017;(3):6-7. (In Russian). 2. Leontev V.K. Otchet Prezidenta Stomatologicheskoj Аssotsiatsii Rossii «O rezul'tatakh deyatel'nosti StАR za otchetnyj period (2000–2003 gg.)» [Report of the President of the Dental Association of Russia “On the Results of StAR Activities During the Reporting Period (2000–2003)”]. Stomatologiya segodnya. – Dentistry Today. 2003;(28). (In Russian). Available at: http://www.dentoday.ru/products/032823.php (accessed: 12.10.2020). 3. Trusova L.N., Rasskazova V.N., Karashchuk E.V., Kosaya А.V., Pototskaya V.А. Otsenka deyatel'nosti stomatologicheskikh organizatsij gosudarstvennoj i chastnoj sistemy zdravookhraneniya [Evaluation of the activities of dental organizations of the public and private health system]. Institut stomatologii. – Institute of Dentistry. 2012;(56):14-7. (In Russian). 4. Kitsul I.S., Popova I.N. Sostoyaniye regional'noj sistemy stomatologicheskoj pomoshchi naseleniyu i puti ee optimizatsii [The state of the regional system of dental care for the population and ways to optimize it]. GlavVrach. – ChiefPhysician. 2006;(2):87-92. (In Russian). 5. Meshcheryakov D.G. Teoreticheskoye obosnovaniye i razrabotka mekhanizmov povysheniya effektivnosti stomatologicheskoj pomoshchi naseleniyu: avtoref. dis. ... d-ra med. nauk [Theoretical Justification and Development of Mechanisms for Improving the Effectiveness of Dental Care for the Population. Dr. med. sci. dis. abstr.]. Moscow; 2006, 52 p. (In Russian). 6. Gerasimova D.А., Grishechkina N.V. Pravovaya politika v sfere tsifrovoj meditsiny [Digital medicine legal policy]. In: Rybakov O.Yu., ed. Strategii Pravovogo Razvitiya Rossii [Strategies for the Legal Development of Russia]. Moscow: Justitia; 2015, p. 603. (In Russian).

Received

2021-01-13

Section of issue

Preventive medicine

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