Menu: Home :: go to Journal :: switch to Russian :: switch to English
You are here: all Journals and Issues→ Journal→ Issue→ Article

Features of hip fractures diagnostics among children (literature review)

Annotation

We reviewed domestic and foreign scientific works published in public electronic specia-lized medical journals devoted to the study of the issues of diagnosing hip fractures of various localization among children. Over the past fifty years, the diagnostic capabilities in traumatology and orthopedics have expanded significantly. However, the child’s musculoskeletal system has many features due to the growth and development processes of the child’s body. In this regard, the course of various pathological processes and their clinical manifestations can have many variations. That is the reason that some clinical forms of femoral fracture among pediatric patients can still cause serious difficulties, which leads to diagnostic errors. We consider the clinical manifestations of possible forms of hip fractures among children, the currently relevant methods of instrumental research, such as radiography, computed tomography, ultrasonography and others methods that contribute to the diagnosis of these forms, as well as promising sector of diagnostic techniques development that in the near future can be able to significantly simplify the diagnosis, in particular, methods of computer modeling.

Keywords

pediatric traumatology; hip; femur; fracture; diagnostics

Full-text in one file

Download

DOI

10.20310/2658-7688-2021-3-3(11)-17-25

UDC

617.582

Pages

17-25

References

1. Zhila N.G., Komissarov I.A., Zorin V.I. Detskaya travmatologiya [Pediatric Traumatology]. Moscow, GEOTAR-Media Publ.; 2017. (In Russian). 2. Beletskiy A.V., Koren M.N., Gerasimenko M.A. Aktual'nye voprosy detskoy travmatologii i ortopedii [Cur-rent Issues of Pediatric Traumatology and Orthopedics]. St. Petersburg; 2004. (In Russian). 3. Bogosyan A.B., Kochemasov V.M. Patologiya krupnykh sustavov i drugie aktual'nye voprosy detskoy travmatologii i ortopedii [Pathology of Large Joints and Other Topical Issues of Pediatric Traumatology and Orthopedics]. St. Petersburg; 1998. (In Russian). 4. Filippov M.P. Travmaticheskie epifizeolizy i ikh rentgenologicheskaya otsenka [Traumatic epiphyseolysis and their radiological assessment]. In: Aktual'nye voprosy sudebnoy meditsiny i ekspertnoy praktiki [Cur-rent issues of Forensic Medicine and Expert Practice]. Barnaul-Novosibirsk; 2011, issue 17. (In Russian). 5. Sokolovskiy A.M., Sokolovskiy O.A., Goldman R.K. Yunosheskiy epifizeoliz golovki bedrennoy kosti [Ju-venile epiphyseolysis of the femoral head]. Meditsinskie novosti – Medical News, 2006;(2). (In Russian). 6. Yamshchikov O.N., Markov D.A., Emelyanov S.A., Peregorodov A.N., Balaev D.V., Saveleva T.I. Prime-nenie pokazateley individual'no-tipologicheskoy izmenchivosti anatomicheskogo stroeniya bedrennykh kostey cheloveka dlya komp'yuternogo modelirovaniya [Application of indicators individually-typological variability anatomical structure of human femur for computer simulation]. Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Seriya: Estestvennye i tekhnicheskie nauki – Tambov University Reports. Series: Natural and Technical Sciences. 2014;19(6):1965-7. (In Russian). 7. Yamshchikov O.N., Emelyanov S.A. Sovremennyy vzglyad na lechenie chrezvertel'nykh perelomov [A contemporary view on the treatment of trochanteric fractures]. Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazova-niya – Modern Problems of Science and Education. 2020;(4):162. (In Russian). 8. Bairov G.A., Dmitriev M.L. Travmatologiya detskogo vozrasta [Pediatric Traumatology]. Leningrad, Me-ditsina Publ.; 1976. (In Russian). 9. Korzh A.A., Bondarenko N.S. Povrezhdeniya kostey i sustavov u detey [Injuries of Bones and Joints Among Children]. Kharkov; 1994. (In Russian). 10. Bukhny A.F. Povrezhdeniya epifizarnykh zon u detey [Injuries of Epiphyseal Zones Among Children]. Mos-cow, Meditsina Publ.; 1973. (In Russian). 11. Krechmar A.N., Krasnov A.I. Klinicheskie osobennosti perelomov proksimal'nogo otdela bedra u detey [Clinical features of healing of the proximal femur among children]. Ortopediya, travmatologiya – Ortho-pedics, Traumatology, 1986;(3):18-20. (In Russian). 12. Ter-Egiazarov G.M., Sanakoeva I.I., Struzhina V.T. Osobennosti diagnostiki yunosheskogo epifi-zeoliza golovke bedrennoy kosti [Features of the diagnosis of juvenile epiphyseolysis of the femoral Head]. Orto-pediya, travmatologiya – Orthopedics, Traumatology, 1988;(4):13-7. (In Russian). 13. Ter-Eglizarov G.M. Oshibki i oslozhneniya pri lechenii perelomov dlinnykh trubchatykh kostey u detey [Errors and Complications in the Treatment of Healing of Long Tubular Bones Among Children]. Moscow, Meditsina Publ.; 1978. (In Russian). 14. Marks V.O. Ortopedicheskaya diagnostika [Orthopedic Diagnostics]. Minsk, Nauka i tekhnika Publ.; 1978. (In Russian). 15. Sadofeva V.I. Normal'naya rentgenoanatomiya kostno-sustavnoy sistemy u detey [Normal X-Ray Anatomy of the Bone and Joint System Among Children]. Leningrad, Meditsina Publ.; 1990. (In Russian). 16. Vasilev A.Yu., Olkhova E.B. Ul'trazvukovaya diagnostika v detskoy praktike [Ultrasound Diagnosis in Pe-diatric Practice]. Moscow, GEOTAR-Media Publ.; 2007. (In Russian). 17. Hagglund G., Hansson L.I., Sandstrom S. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis in three generations. Acta Orthop. Scand. 1986;57:240-2. 18. Pritchett J.W., Perdue K.D. Mechanical factors in slipped capital femoral epiphysis. J. Pediatr. Orthop. 1988;8:385-8. 19. Litchman H.M., Duffy J. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis: factors affecting shear forces on the epiphyseal plate. J. Pediatr. Orthop. 1984;4:745-8. 20. Segal L.S., Weitzel P.P., Davidson R.S. Valgus slipped capital femoral epiphysis: fact or fiction? Clin. Or-thop. 1996;322:91-8. 21. Loder R.T., Greenfield V.H. Clinical characteristics of children with atypical and idiopathic slipped capital femoral epiphysis: description of the age-weight test and implications for further diagnostic investigation. J. Pediatr. Orthop. 2001;21:481-7. 22. Beaty J.H., Kasser J.R. Fractures in Children. Lippincott: Williams and Wilkins; 2009. 23. Benson M. et al. Children's Orthopedics and Fractures. New York, Springer; 2009. 24. Yamshchikov O.N. Komp'yuternoe modelirovanie v travmatologii i ortopedii (obzor literatury) [Computer modeling in traumatology and orthopedics (literature review)]. Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Seriya: Estestvennye i tekhnicheskie nauki – Tambov University Reports. Series: Natural and Technical Sciences. 2014;19(6):1974-9. (In Russian).

Received

2021-06-07

Section of issue

Traumatology and orthopedics

Для корректной работы сайта используйте один из современных браузеров. Например, Firefox 55, Chrome 60 или более новые.