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Sclerotinia sclerotiorum dе By in Tambov region

Annotation

Was defined that the general prevalence of white rot in Tambov region composes 12.2-26.8 %, at sufficiently often depressions of pathogen. Was stated that pre-root form shows at the end of May - beginning of June at prevalence 0.1-0.3 % in the years of depression of pathogen and 1.2-18.4 % - in other years; stem - from the middle of July till the first ten-day period of August and its spreading reaches 10.0-30.0 %; basket-form shows at the period of forming of baskets at the same time with pre-root and stem forms of illness at prevalence of 15.3 % and intensity of the lesion 1.1-5.4 % at the end of vegetation, at high humidity, its spread reaches 45.8-100.0 % at the intensity of the lesion 31.6-53.6 % (2-3 points). At the observation of the authors, prevalence of white rot in our region depends on rather not the amount of precipitation at the period of vegetation of sunflower (except for phase of ripen - harvesting), but on the temperature of the air.

Keywords

sunflower; white rot; sclerotinia; sclerotia; apothecia; ascospores; form of manifestation; prevalence; the intensity of the lesion

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UDC

633.854.78:632.25

Pages

194-198

References

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Received

2015-01-22

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Scientific articles

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