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About description of identifying speech models: functions of cluster of particle and pronoun


Based on the developed concept of a three-level system of syntactic models the fragment of micro models identifying statements of the Russian language is described. The three-level system suggests 1) basic language models (cf. N1 Vf – Самолет летит / The jet flies which provides a number of communicative variations), 2) speech syntactic models (cf. Это / N1 Vf – Это / самолет летит / [there is no straight English equivalent,  This is a jet flying], where the functional sentence perspective and the word order are fixed, and 3) utterance models (for example, {вводн.когн. [(А, Так) это // N1 \ Vf!]} – А, так это, оказывается, // самолет \ летит! /  Ah, so this is // a jet \ flying!, where the functional sentence perspective, the word order and the certain words are strongly fixed. Within description of model {Так вот + [вопр. предл.]!} its central component, cluster of particle вот and relative interrogative pronoun, is considered. The reference of cluster, which varies from concrete subject to global notion, and its role as intonation (phrase accent stresses exactly on this complex), structural (within the given complex the structural center of model realizing the mental according K. Bluler, type of deixis and stressing on image of referent situation is formed) and content center of model (the components of semantics of cluster which are important for semantics of model as a whole are considered) is analyzed. The special attention is given to pragmatic function of cluster in composition of models.


three-level system of syntactic models; basic language model; speech syntactic model; utterance model; identifying utterances; merge вот + IntRel Pronoun

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Section of issue

Language. cognition. culture

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