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System of values of ethnos because of estimation connotations (based on materials of Tambov nicknames)

Annotation

The problem of distinguished of system realization of Russian ethnos because of estimation connotation in conceptual spheres is considered: relation to the man, appearance, height, character features, relation to religion, to social rules, etc. The author gives an attempt to comprehend not only genesis of nicknames from the point of its comparison with different appeallative and with its motives, which is based on the proprial nomination. It has connection with problem of social and cultural analysis which studied less. This analysis is connected with secondary antroponimic units, such as nicknames. Main nominative strategies of nicknames are estimation one and nickname one, in contrary with wide known names of encyclopedia famous; this one has rational strategies of nomination. It is proved in the article. Nominative strategies mean physical features of real object, its connection with other objects (reflexive), estimation (estimation one), image (image one). Based on the material of Tambov nicknames the author describes nicknames, which reflect positive and negative features of its functioning in ethnos practice and comparative social experience. This is a result of appearance of occasional nicknames (nicknames of local famous). It functions with special cognitive strategy of language bearer – creative speech thinking.

Keywords

estimation like language category; connotation; derivational activity of a man; word-forming micro-system of local nicknames; Tambov region

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UDC

81'373+81'271

Pages

165-169

References

1. Voytovich M. Drevnerusskaya antroponimiya XIV–XV vv. Severo-Vostochnaya Rus'. Poznan', 1986. 2. Zvezdova G.V. Iz nablyudeniy nad prozvishcha-mi drevnerusskogo yazyka i sovremennykh lipetskikh govorov // Chernozem'e v lingvokul'turologicheskom prostranstve: mezhregional'nyy sbornik statey po kraevedeniyu. Lipetsk, 2004. S. 13-20. 3. Danilina E.F. Prozvishcha v sovremennom russkom yazyke // Vostochnoslavyanskaya onomastika: materialy i issledovaniya. M., 1979. 4. Shostka E.S. Prozvishcha Tambovskoy oblasti: yazykovoy i sotsiokul'turnyy aspekt: avtoref. dis. … kand. filol. nauk. Tambov, 2009. 5. Shcherbak A.S., Burykin A.A. K probleme vyyavleniya otlichitel'nykh osobennostey prozvishch ot lichnogo imeni // Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Seriya Gumanitarnye nauki. Tambov, 2009. Vyp. 9 (77). 6. Shcherbak A.S. Problemy izucheniya regional'noy onomastiki. Onomastikon Tambovskoy oblasti: monografiya. Tambov, 2006. 7. Shcherbak A.S. Regional'naya onomastika v kognitivnom aspekte: monografiya. Tambov, 2008. 8. Shcherbak A.S. Kognitivnye osnovy regional'noy onomastiki: monografiya. Tambov, 2012. 9. Tupikov N.M. Slovar' drevnerusskikh lichnykh sobstvennykh imen. M., 2004. 10. Otin E.S. Slovar' konnotativnykh sobstvennykh imen. M., 2006. 11. Lingvisticheskiy entsiklopedicheskiy slovar'. M., 1990.

Received

2014-08-02

Section of issue

Language. cognition. culture

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