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Sternum anomalies: medico-legal significance


The literary review of sternum anomalies’ development in medico-legal practice while determining the cause of death, especially of iatrogenic nature, its preventive measures and personality’s identification by calcius are presented. Among different anomalies the most significant are sternum foramen. According to literary data their frequency varies from 3.3 to 18.3. At the same time, population differences are described. Maximum frequency is marked at Greek and Kenyans - 18.3 и 13.8 % correspondingly. The differential diagnostics between inborn sternum foramen and got by crime instrument is presented. The results of topographic-anatomic study of 24 bones of sternum and spiral computer tomography (SCT) of sternum foramen at 87 patients are presented. And these foramen in body are revealed in 2 cases and at SCT - at 10 patients (11.5%). The full calcification of sternal-xiphoid articulation is found in 40 cases (36%).


sternum; development anomalies; medico-legal meaning

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