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The incidence of myopia in Tambov province

Annotation

The relevance : for the last decades one of the most relevant issues of ophthalmology is the developing increase in the incidence of myopia. This tendency is traced all over the world, especially on the countries of the East Region. The aim of the research : to carry out the analysis of the incidence of myopia in Tambov province and analyze medical-social characteristics of the patients with myopia. The material and methods : the analysis of the incidence of myopia in Tambov province for primary negotiability in Academician S.N. Fyodorov FSBI IRTC “Eye Microsurgery”, Tambov branch for the period from 2007 to 2016 and medical-social structure of patients with myopia is analyzed. The index of incidence is shown and it was calculated for 1000 of the population. The results : for the last 10 years the tendency to the increase of the incidence of myopia in Tambov province is marked. Among the urban population the level of the incidence of myopia is higher (66 %), than among the rural population (34 %). Myopia is very often observed among women (18322 cases), that is 2 times higher than the frequency of such disease among men (9003 cases). The highest level of incidence of myopia is marked in the age category from 16 to 34 both among men and women. Among infant population the highest level of myopia incidence is marked at the age from 10 to 15 both among boys and girls. The most of the patients, marked with the diagnosis myopia was among people of the working age (67 % men, 62 % women).

Keywords

short views; myopia; the incidence of the disease; incidence; developing

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0198-2017-22-4-693-698

UDC

617.7

Pages

693-698

References

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Received

2017-06-25

Section of issue

Medicine. modern achievements in ophthalmology

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