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Clearing of commercial solutions of biochemical production with the use of reversed osmose

Annotation

The work formulates the task of the study, that requirement strengthening to the quality of sewage treatment set a task to create low-waste and non-waste production and the use of membranes. The research on rejection coefficient and downstream depending on concentration and type of membranes is carried out. The influence of current density on downstream of preanodic current density on downstream of preanodic and precathodic membranes, that let get permeate water more at precathodic membranes, which can be used reverse in technological progress. The modified analytical equations for technological parameters calculation are proposed. It is marked that at current application the most effective is cellulose acetate membrane of type MGA-100.

Keywords

membrane; clearing; reversed osmose; downstream; rejection coefficient

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0198-2017-22-5-1142-1147

UDC

66.081.63

Pages

1142-1147

References

1. Lazarev S.I., Vyazovov S.A. Issledovaniya kineticheskikh kharakteristik ionoobmennoy membrany MK-40 pri obratnoosmoticheskom razdelenii vodnykh rastvorov belofora [The study of kinetics characteristics of ion membrane MK-40 at reverse-osmosis division of water solutions of belofor]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Seriya: Khimiya i khimicheskaya tekhnologiya – Russian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, 2005, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 91-94. (In Russian). 2. Kochetov V.I., Lazarev S.I., Popov V.Yu., Bogomolov V.Yu. Raschet i proektirovanie membrannogo agregata dlya ochistki stochnykh vod [Calculation and design of membrane unit for wastewater treatment]. Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Seriya Estestvennye i tekhnicheskie nauki – Tambov University Reports. Series: Natural and Technical Sciences, 2014, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 1883-1888. (In Russian). 3. Kocharov R.G., Kagramanov G.G. Raschet ustanovok membrannogo razdeleniya zhidkikh smesey [The calculation of membrane separation of liquid compositions]. Moscow, D. Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of Russia Publ., 2001, 128 p. (In Russian). 4. Stabnikov V.N., Barantsev V.I. Protsessy i apparaty pishchevykh proizvodstv [Processes and Food Facility Production]. Moscow, Legkaya i pishchevaya promyshlennost' Publ., 1983, 348 p. (In Russian). 5. Yakovlev S.V. (ed.). Ochistka proizvodstvennykh stochnykh vod [Clearing of Industrial Effluent Waters]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1985, 364 p. (In Russian). 6. Mikasyan N.V., Stepanyan I.O., Solomyan M.A., Mikasyan O.Kh. Ochistka stochnykh vod metodom obratnogo osmosa [Sewage water treatment by the method of reverse osmosis]. Promyshlennost' Armenii – Industry of Armenia, 1982, no. 7, pp. 15-17. (In Russian). 7. Yanagi T. Obratnyy osmos i ego primenenie [Reverse Osmosis and its Application]. Fusen, 1983, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 18-26. (In Russian). 8. Yasminov A.A., Kalgada V.T., Kozhevnikov A.V. Razdelenie rastvorov nizkomolekulyarnykh organicheskikh veshchestv metodom obratnogo osmosa [Solute portioning of low-molecular organic substance by reverse osmosis method]. Khimicheskaya promyshlennost' – Russian Chemical Industry, 1978, no. 10, pp. 25-30. (In Russian). 9. Ivara M. Mekhanizm razdeleniya rastvorennykh veshchestv metodom obratnogo osmosa [Mechanism of dissolved solids division by the method of reverse osmosis]. Khemei, 1978, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 399-412. (In Russian). 10. Semenov A.G., Timofeev A.E. Modelirovanie i raschet ul'trafil'tratsionnykh ustanovok periodicheskogo deystviya [Modeling and calculation of batch operation ultrafiltration plants]. Tekhnika i tekhnologiya pishchevykh proizvodstv – Food Processing: Techniques and Technology, 2011, no. 1, pp. 84-89. (In Russian). 11. Lazarev S.I., Golovashin V.L., Polyanskiy K.K., Maltseva O.Yu. Issledovanie koeffitsienta zaderzhaniya v protsesse obratnoosmoticheskogo razdeleniya biologicheskikh rastvorov biokhimicheskikh proizvodstv [An estimate of the detention in the process of reverse osmosis separation biological solutions biochemical industries]. Vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta inzhenernykh tekhnologiy – Proceedings of the Voronezh State University of Engineering Technologies, 2015, no. 2, pp. 204-208. (In Russian). 12. Lazarev S.I., Shestakov K.V., Korneeva O.S., Pronina O.V. Issledovanie udel'nogo potoka rastvoritelya v protsessakh ul'trafil'trafil'tratsionnogo i obratnoosmoticheskogo razdeleniya biologicheskikh rastvorov [Research specific flux of solvent in the processes of ultrafiltration and reverse osmosis of biological solutions separation in biochemical industry]. Vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta inzhenernykh tekhnologiy – Proceedings of the Voronezh State University of Engineering Technologies, 2015, no. 4, pp. 176-180. (In Russian).

Received

2017-07-20

Section of issue

Scientific articles

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