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About activity of legal societies during pre-revolutionary period

Annotation

The analysis of organizational and functional processes of professional legal associations during the pre-revolutionary period is given. Objective and subjective conditions of consolidation of legal community during the studied period are sun-dried and considered. Consideration of legal societies is given in a section them to scientific and practical activities. The assessment of dialogue of institutes of the public power and the legal societies expressed in insufficient number of theoretical researches of legal societies in practice is given. The conclusion that as a merit of societies it is possible to recognize the direction of attention to realization of the right, the practical importance of legal ideas and that interested lawyers a country question, territorial and city self-government, problems of the administrative, criminal and financial law is drawn. It is noted that thoughts and views of lawyers-theorists found the embodiment in a set of reports, articles, the papers published in various editions, including in own editions of legal societies. Activity of legal societies reflects the liberal and democratic movements of associations of theorists and practitioners in the field of the right that wasn't always supported from the state. Therefore, despite high activity of legal societies in theoretical area, practical fixing of idea of representatives of legal societies in norms the positive law wasn't acquired.

Keywords

jurisprudence; professional legal associations; legal societies; public organizations; pre-revolutionary societies

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UDC

340

Pages

204-209

References

1. Gorin A.G. Yuridicheskie obshchestva dorevolyutsionnoy Rossii // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. 1989. № 7. S. 117-123. 2. Miridonova V.S. Nauchno-issledovatel'skaya deyatel'nost' Sankt-Peterburgskogo yuridicheskogo obshchestva // Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N.I. Lobachevskogo: Grazhdanskoe obshchestvo, gosudarstvo i pravo v perekhodnyy period. Seriya Pravo. 2002. Vyp. 1 (5). S. 39-46. 3. Krest'yannikov E.A. Yuridicheskoe obshchestvo pri Imperatorskom Tomskom universitete // Zhurnal rossiyskogo prava. 2013. № 9. S. 85-94. 4. Tomsinov V.A. Moskovskoe yuridicheskoe obshchestvo pri Imperatorskom Moskovskom universitete. Stat'ya pervaya // Zakonodatel'stvo. 2012. № 3. S. 88-94. 5. Yuridicheskoe obshchestvo pri Sankt-Peterburgskom universitete. URL: http://lib.law. spbu.ru/ExhibitionLibTema/LawSociety/ExLawSoc.aspx (data obrashcheniya: 02.09.2014). 6. Tul'skaya S.A. Iz istorii reformirovaniya rossiyskogo zheleznodorozhnogo zakonoda-tel'stva vo vtoroy polovine XIX veka // Nauchnye trudy MPGU. Seriya Sotsial'no-istoricheskie nauki. M., 2005. S. 556-565. 7. Tul'skaya S.A. Moskovskoe yuridicheskoe obshchestvo: 1865–1899 gg.: avtoref. dis. … kand. ist. nauk. M., 2006. 8. Sliozberg G.B. Dela minuvshikh dney. Zapiski russkogo evreya: v 2 t. Parizh, 1933. T. 1. 9. Khmel'nitskiy I. Iz deyatel'nosti Odesskogo yuridicheskogo obshchestva: 1890–1892 // Zhurnal grazhdanskogo i ugolovnogo prava. Spb., 1892. Kn. 10. S. 1-27. 10. Antsiferov K. Ob ugolovnoy otvetstvennosti lits zheleznodorozhnogo transporta // Yuridicheskiy vestnik. Izdanie Moskovskogo yuridicheskogo obshchestva. 1880. № 1. S. 158-181.

Received

15.10.2014

Section of issue

Civil society and state

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